The disease is a zoonotic viral disease which infects domestic and wild animals. It is transmitted to other animals and humans through close contact with saliva from infected animals (i.e bites, scratches, licks on broken skin and mucous membranes). Once symptoms of the disease develop, rabies is fatal to both animals and humans.
The first symptoms of rabies are usually non-specific and suggest involvement of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and/or central nervous systems. In the acute stage, signs of hyperactivity (furious rabies) or paralysis (dumb rabies), predominate. Both furious and dumb rabies eventually progress to complete paralysis followed by coma and death, usually due to respiratory failure. Without intensive care, death occurs during the first seven days of illness. Vaccination is recommended before travel to a high risk area.Leave a reply →