• Typhoid Fever, symptoms and preventions.

    Typhoid Fever, symptoms and preventions.

    Typhoid Fever is a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Typhoid Fever is still common in the developing world and affects approximately 21 million people each year globally. Transmission of Typhoid Fever The bacterium Salmonella Typhi lives only in humans. Persons with Typhoid fever carry it in their bloodstream and intestinal tract. In

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  • Travellers’ Diarrhoea

    Travellers’ Diarrhoea

    Travellers’ Diarrhoea (TD) can strike when you least expect it. It can be caused by a variety of infectious agents. The most common cause is anthropogenic¬† Escherichia Coli (ETEC) – an intestinal infection able to produce enterrotoxins. Travellers become infected with ETEC through ingestion of contaminated food and water. In theory persons who are careful

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  • Rabies, which infects domestic and wild animals

    Rabies, which infects domestic and wild animals

    The first symptoms of rabies are usually non-specific and suggest involvement of the respiratory. The disease is a zoonotic viral disease which infects domestic and wild animals. It is transmitted to other animals and humans through close contact with saliva from infected animals (i.e bites, scratches, licks on broken skin and mucous membranes). Once symptoms

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  • Meningitis, What is Meningococcal Disease

    Meningitis, What is Meningococcal Disease

    What is Meningococcal Disease – Meningitis? Meningococcal Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, the thin lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. Several different bacteria can cause Meningitis but Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus) is the most important one because of its ability to cause epidemics How is Meningitis transmitted? The bacteria can be

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